In Nazca we decided that we would rather invest the 100€ or so that a 40 minute flight over the lines would cost in something else and only did a tour to some of the viewtowers. Nobody really knows what the purpose of these hundreds of lines and figures on the desert floor really was. However they were probably built around 800 BC to AD 600 but the Paracas and Nazca cultures.
On the right top you are supposed to see a frog and on the right bottom a tree is drawn:
The German mathematician Maria Reiche, who dedicated nearly her whole life to the research of those lines, concluded that they were an astronomical calendar layed out in the desert sand (darker rocks were removed to reveal the lighther ground below).
At the museum of Maria Reiche we found this beauty among her worktools, dokuments, private objects and a mummy:
Then we moved on to a third viewpoint where fi gures draw by the Paracas culture (before the Nazca) can be observed:
Last stop of the day were the Cantallo aqueducts, also a restored Inca installation. These spiriling holes were used as ventilation and light source for an underground channel. The reason behind this was that the people who went into the channel (which is very small and can hardly fit a person at all) to clean it needed light to see and air to breeth. Pretty genious those Incas!